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Diabetes Insipidus – The Other Form of Diabetes

Diabetes Insipidus is a rarer condition than Diabetes Mellitus (abnormality of insulin production). Diabetes insipidus is due to an inadequate production of the hormone ADH (antidiuretic hormone).

Diabetes insipidus symptoms may include extreme thirst and excessive urination. This condition may also lead to dry skin and constipation.

Cause of dibetes insipidus are due to insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). This may be caused by trauma to the head or a tumor growth or infection that disrupts the pituitary gland. Kidney damage may also be responsible. Approximately 1/2 of cases have an unknown cause.

Diagnosis is based on observation of the aforementioned symptoms and requires an evaluation by a physician. The evaluation may include a physical examination or other tests to determine the levels of ADH in the body.

Treatment may include surgery if the underlying cause of the disease is a brain tumor or other surgically correctable cause.

The disease may spontaneously resolve if it is due to a complication of head trauma. Diabetes insipidus of unknown cause can be effectively controlled through the use of prescription nose drops or injections that contain synthetic ADH (vasopressin support therapy).

Uncontrolled, diabetes insipidus can cause electrolyte imbalance in the body and lead to heartbeat irregularity and fatigue.

To learn the complete details on Diabetes Insipidus click on the link.

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