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Cancer

Cancer is a term that generally refers to a malignancy (as opposed to a benign tumor). Cancer is a disease process in which a mass of cells demonstrate uncontrolled growth, subsequent disruption of tissue or organ function, and in some cases spreading to other areas of the body (metastasis). Benign tumors are self-limiting and do not metastasize but can still disrupt function as a space-taking lesion. Blood cancers, i.e. leukemia, do not form tumors. Oncology is the study, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.

Acute Leukemia

Acute Leukemia is a  form of cancer that affects the white blood cells.

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Skin Cancer - Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma is a cancerous skin lesion that grows slowly and rarely metastasizes (spreads). These lesions are common in areas of the body that are exposed to sun and men and women with lighter complexions are at higher risk.

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Bladder Tumor

A bladder tumor is described as a benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) growth affecting the urinary bladder.

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Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is a growth in the brain that may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Both a benign and malignant tumor can cause symptoms because the tumors’ growth takes up space and causes pressure and compression on vital nerve tissue.

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Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a malignant (cancerous) growth in the breast that can spread to the lymph nodes, Lungs, Brain, and bones. One in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer over the course of their lifetime.

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Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer symptoms may or may not be noticeable. Cervical cancer can be described as a malignancy (cancer) that affects the lower part or neck of the female uterus called the cervix. This is a fairly common cancer of the female reproductive tract.

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Colon Cancer

aka Colorectal Cancer

Colon cancer symptoms may not be present in many cases. However, if symptoms are seen they can include a variety of changes in the stool or bowel habits (i.e. Diarrhea, Constipation). Colon cancer also known as Colorectal Cancer,is a malignant (cancerous) tumor growth found in a portion of the large intestine, which is a common cancer site.

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Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumor growth found in the esophagus (tube leading to the stomach).

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Ewing's Sarcoma

Ewing's Sarcoma is a malignant (cancerous) bone tumor. Males between the ages of 10-25 are most commonly affected. The lower extremity (pelvis and legs) is the most common site but it can occur in the ribs and/or shoulder blades.

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Thyroid Nodule

Thyroid Nodule Symptoms ScanThis page also discusses Goiter Symptoms

Thyroid nodule symptoms may not be present unless you notice a lump or enlargement in the front of your neck.

A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland, but it is not cancerous. A thyroid nodule is a tumor of the thyroid gland. These tumors can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).

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Hodgkin's Lymphoma

A cancerous tumor of the lymph glands (lymph nodes, spleen, and white blood cells).

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Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is a malignancy that originates in the liver or has spread to the liver from another site in the body.

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Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a malignant (cancerous) growth that is located in the lung or airways leading to the lungs.

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Skin Cancer - Melanoma

aka Malignant Melanoma

Melanoma is a cancerous growth of cells within the skin that quickly spreads to other areas of the body.

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Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a malignant (cancerous) bone tumor that most commonly affects persons over age 50 and is more prevalent in males.

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Oral Cancer

Oral cancer describes the growth of malignant (cancerous) cells that occurs within the mouth (including the tongue).

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Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a malignant (cancerous) bone tumor. This most commonly occurs around the knee and males between the ages 10-25 are most often affected.

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Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a malignant growth within the ovary that often spreads and can be life threatening.

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Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is a malignant (cancerous) growth found in the pancreas (an important hormone and digestive enzyme producing gland).

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Skin Cancer - Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma is a cancerous growth of skin cells.

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Stomach Cancer

Stomach Cancer is a malignant growth within the stomach. Symptoms may not appear until the cancer is in an advanced stage or has spread to other organs (i.e. liver, bones, lungs, etc.). There is a high incidence of stomach cancer in Japan.

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Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer is a malignancy (cancer) involving the testicles. It is seen most commonly in young males aged 20-40.

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Uterine Cancer

Uterine Cancer is a malignancy (cancer) that affects the female uterus. This is most common after menopause but may occur in younger females.

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Vaginal Cancer

Vaginal Cancer is a malignancy (cancer) that affects the vagina (portion of the female reproductive tract that leads to the outside).

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Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer symptoms may not be noticed before prostate cancer is detected from a routine PSA blood test, which is a test done to screen men for this form of cancer. However, some men will experience changes in urination or pain, which could be an indication of cancer.

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